Bahrain is a constitutional monarchy located in the heart of the Arabian Gulf, west of the Asian continent. It is characterized by its rich civilization and long history of more than five thousand years. It is influential at Arab, regional and international levels. Bahrain is a model of development and political and economic reform, has a wise foreign policy and is committed to the promotion of cooperation and friendship between the nations within the framework of mutual respect, the principles of international legitimacy and the support for peace and security, regionally and internationally.
The Kingdom of Bahrain is a hereditary, constitutional monarchy. As a democratic Kingdom based on the rule of law and the separation of powers between the Executive, Legislative and Judicial Authorities, it is a reflection of a true parliamentary experience. Within the framework of respect for human dignity, the Kingdom has independent judicial and human rights institutions, an active civil society, as well as press and media freedoms.
Despite its limited natural resources, the Kingdom of Bahrain was able through the optimum use of its human resources and its strategic geographic location to achieve an economic, development, and urban boom. It excelled in advocating human rights as well as in establishing social and human development. It also managed to promote peaceful coexistence among all religions, civilizations and cultures.
Bahrain’s National Day and the coronation of His Majesty King Hamad are annually celebrated on 16-17 December. Bahrain’s achievements as a sovereign Arab state since its independence in 1971 are marked. Joining the United Nations and the Arab League during that year, as well as Bahrain’s participation in the establishment of the Cooperation Council for the Arab Gulf States in 1981, are all celebrated on these two days. Since His Majesty King Hamad came to power in 1999, many reform initiatives have been adopted. Bahrain has become a constitutional monarchy under the rule of law and institutions. Many economic and social developments have been accomplished in accordance with the Constitution and the Economic Vision 2030.