Bahrain has roots deep in the past, going back to more than 5000 years, as it was home to the civilizations: Dilmun, Tylos, and Awal. Throughout history, it was called “the Land of Immortality” or “the Great Paradise” as it was known for fresh water springs and palm tree fields. Bahrain was a vital link between civilizations, such as the Phoenicians in the Levant, Mesopotamia in ancient Iraq, the Nile Valley in Ancient Egypt. Excavations and historic evidence prove Bahrain to be a commercial hub and a sea transit point between East and West.
The modern era of Bahrain begun in 1783, after being conquered by “Ahmed Al Fateh”, and was ruled by the Al Khalifa family since. Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa came into power in December 16, 1961, and is considered one of the pioneer Arab leaders that built their countries based on justice and stability. He consolidated the Arabism and independence of the country under the peoples validation, as it voted in the poll organized under the United Nations that Bahrain is and independent Arab state ruled by Al Khalifa. Bahrain was declared independent from the United Kingdom on the 15th of August 1971, and of the British protectorate on the 16th of December of the same year. During the era of the modern state, Bahrain issued its first constitution in 1973.
When HM King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa came into reign in 1999, Bahrain entered a new era of reform and development within a constitutional monarchy, in line with the National Action Charter and the amended constitution of 2002. Bahrain have thus made pioneering achievements in development, as well as advanced and continuous political and democratic reforms, and positive developments within laws and constitutional institutions, which gave Bahrain a prominent position regionally and internationally.